State drought declarations will be replaced with seasonal conditions reports, as the NSW Government prepares to assist landholders with changing conditions through the seasons.
When producers expand their practice to include both livestock and cropping production, it is commonly known as mixed farming. The land would both have a pasture phase for livestock and also be under crop each year.
The potential risk of dangerous frosts and droughts can be avoided by implementing mixed farming practices, but also assist with future global changes in the market. The adoption of new varieties, improving health of livestock, controlling diseases and pests, as well as improving natural resources are challenges that landholders could face with mixed farming.
Managing a farm requires planning and skill. This can include the adoption and implementation of new practices and technology as well as variety. Preparation for natural disasters and potential emergencies is also important as a landholder, as well as general farm safety and the management of recycling, water and waste.
There are several key points to keep in mind with pastures in New South Wales. Some of these include the management history of the land previously, the structure conditions and the range of species found in the area. Pastures can sometimes include woodland, native grasslands, modified native pastures and highly productive native or improved pastures.
Grazing managements and methods, soil conditions, climate, species and the seasons can all have an impact on how productive pastures are.
To have long term sustainable and productive pastures it is key to understand what can and cannot be modified. Some factors include topography, soil depth and acidity. Species that work hand in hand with the type of soil you have, groundcover and enterprise needs is essential for all landholders. Monitoring changes is just as important in maintaining sustainable, productive pastures. To cover the establishment costs, making sure animal requirements are met and a long term plan is in place to ensure profit are crucial.
Another factor to consider is land capability, which revolves around whether the pasture can sustain a particular type of land use on a long term basis. Figuring out land capabilities is not always straightforward. Several points to consider are the level of fertiliser used, the level of production that is being considered and of course the type of livestock and pasture.
Regulators, advisors and landholders need to be able to classify landscapes that will be discussed. The type of land use can then be identified in relation to the surrounding landscape and sustainable methods can be put in place.